Egypt, officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia. It is the meeting point of the Old World continents: Africa, Asia and Europe, connecting the Mediterranean Sea to the Red Sea. The area of Egypt is 1,002,450 km2 with a population of approximately 100 million people, most of whom live in the Nile Valley. The political regime in Egypt is republican since the 1952 revolution. The political system is based on principles of democracy, political pluralism, peaceful rotation of power, and the separation between the legislative, judicial and executive powers. The June 30, 2013 Revolution came to reflect a reality that the Egyptian people sought to change, achieve the hopes of a nation that aspires to a better, more civilized life, and establish a strong state that has been and will continue to be a leading country in the region by virtue of its history and its culture.
Arabic is the official language of the country. Egypt has a history that stretches back many thousands of years when the Egyptians settled in the Nile Valley. Almost 10,000 years ago, the Egyptians succeeded in establishing a civilized society based on a set of systems in earth sciences, agriculture, health, religion and civil life with all its elements. Consequently, a set of urban centers have been formed in the north and south of the country. The Egyptians started to record their written history which coincided with the unification of the country by King Narmer or Menes in 3100 BC. Then, the ancient Egyptian civilization was established. It witnessed periods of prosperity during the Old Kingdom or the “Age of the Pyramid Builders”, the Middle Kingdom and the New Kingdom that witnessed the construction of major temples, many of which still exist in southern Egypt.
Egypt witnessed periods of historical prosperity during the Greco-Roman and Coptic periods, as well as the Islamic era. Such eras left an artistic and architectural heritage represented by Greco-Roman temples, churches and monasteries, especially in southern Egypt. Added to this are many ancient mosques, castles and palaces, which bear witness to the longevity of the Egyptian people and the civilizations that influenced the Egyptian personality.
Undoubtedly, this unique historical heritage, which still has its artistic and architectural characteristics, is a major tourist attraction that has no parallel anywhere in the world. Besides, Egypt has a moderate climate and clear skies all year round, as well as wonderful beaches and natural reserves with rare and precious species of flora and fauna that made Egypt a favorite tourist destination for tourists from all over the world. The efforts made by the Egyptian government, and the peaceful life-style and hospitality of the Egyptians are reflected on the feelings of safety and security tourists experience when they visit Egypt.
Egypt has witnessed unprecedented economic growth represented in the achievement of a number of great projects including digging the New Suez Canal, the construction of networks of roads, bridges and tunnels, establishment of new cities and industrial communities, reclamation of lands, installation of fish farms, increasing electric capacity, discovery of natural gas, educational reform and development, health care and good life initiative, beside the building of a powerful army, well-equipped with modern arms and technology. Egypt has strong diplomatic relationships based on mutual respect and sovereignty of states.
The history of Ismailia dates back to the pre-dynastic era in Ancient Egypt. It was the eighth of the provinces of Lower Egypt. Its capital was called Per-Atum at the area of Tell El Maskhuta, currently known as Abu Suwir.
Ismailia is the eastern gateway of Egypt, spanning across Africa and Asia. It is bordered in the east by North Sinai governorate, in the west by Delta’s eastern borders along the Damietta branch of the Nile, in the south by Cairo- Suez highway, and in the north by Port Said Governorate and Lake Manzalah.
Ismailia was founded during the construction of the Suez Canal, by Khedive Ismail, after whom the city is named. Some of its neighborhoods and streets are of a European architectural
style based on French style of urban design and planning. Historically, Ismailia witnessed the inauguration ceremony held by Khedive Ismail to mark the opening of the Suez Canal on November 17, 1869. The ceremony was attended by kings, princes, and ambassadors of the world, led by the Emperor of Austria, the Empress Eugenie and a large number of businessmen, politicians, journalists, men of letters and artists.
Ismailia has excellent infrastructure and a modern road network linking it to most parts of the country. The head office of the Suez Canal Authority is located in Ismailia in order to regulate naval movement of vessels transiting the Suez Canal. Ismailia hosts the Canal Radio and TV broadcasting, many beach clubs along Lake Timsah and Bitter Lakes, and Al-Mallaha Gardens, a beautiful garden with rare flowers and trees brought from Africa and India, Lebanon, dating back to the period of the construction of the Suez Canal.
In Ismailia, there are four industrial zones and a free industrial zone that contributed to solving the problem of unemployment and provided people of the region with job opportunities.
The Suez Canal University was established in 1976 under Presidential Resolution No. 93 as a step towards the reconstruction of the Suez Canal and Sinai zones after long suffering and sacrifice on the part of the inhabitants of the area. The university started with three faculties, namely Faculty of Engineering and Technology, Faculty of Commercial and Administrative Sciences in Port Said, and Faculty of Petroleum and Mining in Suez. In 1977, the Ismailia Branch started with three faculties: Faculty of Science, Faculty of Education, and Faculty of Agriculture. Every year, new faculties were launched and in 2006, the University included 23 faculties.
Branch Republican Resolution
Port Said Branch Resolution No. 56 on the 24th of Feb. 2010 to promote the Port Said Branch into an independent university named Port Said University.
Suez Branch Resolution No. 193 on the 22nd of August 2012 to promote the Suez Branch into an independent university named Suez University.
Al-Arish Resolution No. 147 on the 5th of April 2016 to promote Al-Arish Branch into an independent university named Al-Arish University.
With the separation of the three branches, the mother university, still called The Suez Canal University, contains thirteen faculties and two institutes .